GEBT- A new non-invasive test will help in diagnosis of Gastroparesis.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration on April 6, 2015 approved the Gastric Emptying Breath Test (GEBT) to aid in detecting gastroparesis.

Delayed gastric emptying or Gastroparesis is disorder, caused by damage of vagus nerve, which stops or slows the movement of food from stomach into duodenum. It is caused by various conditions such as intestinal surgery, diabetes mellitus, cancer scleroderma, Ehler-Danlos Syndrome, Anorexia nervosa. Diabetes is most common cause of this disorder.

Symptoms of this disorder are nausea, abdominal pain, indigestion, vomiting, heartburn,feeling of fullness.

Current tests used to diagnose gastroparesis involve use of a small amount of radioactive material or imaging machines.

The GEBT, conducted over a four-hour period after an overnight fast, is designed to show how fast the stomach empties solids by measuring carbon dioxide in a patient’s breath. Patients have baseline breath tests conducted at the beginning of the test. They then eat a special test meal that includes a scrambled egg-mix and Spirulina platensis, a type of protein that has been enriched with carbon-13, which can be measured in breath samples.

The GEBT, conducted over a four-hour period after an overnight fast, is designed to show how fast the stomach empties solids by measuring carbon dioxide in a patient’s breath. Patients have baseline breath tests conducted at the beginning of the test. They then eat a special test meal that includes a scrambled egg-mix and Spirulina platensis, a type of protein that has been enriched with carbon-13, which can be measured in breath samples.No deaths or serious adverse events occurred during clinical studies.

So now GEBT provides option for detecting gastroparesis.